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Gum Treatments – Dr Kochar's
 

Gum Treatments

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KEEP TEETH CLEAN, THEY WILL SERVE YOU FOR LONG.

Periodontal Disease (also known as “gum disease”, “pyorrhea” or “periodontal infection”) is an ongoing bacterial infection in the gums and bone around your teeth.

Periodontal infection is usually painless until it reaches an advanced stage. However, there are some symptoms which can indicate the presence of periodontal infection.

The root cause of this gum infection is plaque.

Plaque is the colorless film of bacteria which forms on the tooth. If not removed daily, it forms acid which irritates the gum causing it to

– Become red

– Tender

– Swollen

– Gums even start bleeding

If plaque is not removed it hardens and become calculus / tartar (A yellowish layer around the tooth)

After some time the gum around the tooth become loose and eventually the Bone around the tooth is destroyed and the tooth becomes mobile (loose).

The treatment now becomes more extensive and complicated in order to save the tooth.

Surgery of the gums is required in order to make the tissues around the tooth healthy.

To keep all these gum diseases at bay, we need to keep our teeth clean and free of any plaque by following a proper maintenance regime and having professional rounds of cleaning called as scaling at regular intervals.

WHAT IS SCALING?

1. It is a procedure used to remove infected deposits like plaque, calculus and stains from the
tooth surfaces

2. Scaling is a safe and routine procedure and does not damage the tooth surface in any way.

3. It must be done by a dental professional.

4. Dental scaling should be done once every six months

5. Scaling can be done in single visit or 2-3 visits depending upon condition of your teeth.

6. Scaling involves a deep cleaning of the tooth above and below the gum line in order to remove any plaque and calculus that has accumulated on the tooth.

7.  After scaling, teeth can be sensitive to extreme hot and cold for first 24- 48 hrs.

8. Teeth may feel light or little loose for some time.

IF THE DISEASE IS ALREADY IN ADVANCED STAGE, SCALING AND FURTHER
INTERVENTION IS REQUIRED THROUGH NON SURGICAL AND SURGICAL
METHODS.

NON-SURGICAL THERAPY

1. SCALING AND ROOT PLANING : Manually removing the plaque and tarter from the root surfaces of your teeth below the gum line.

2. SPLINTING : This technique attaches weak teeth together, combining them into a stronger single unit, making them more stable and offering more comfortable chewing.

SURGICAL THERAPY

1. FLAP SURGERY : It aims to reduce pocket depth and increase the ability to maintain the remnant pockets clean.

2. GINGIVECTOMY : This procedure is performed when excess amounts of gum growth around the teeth have occurred. This results in false pocket formation and the inability to keep them clean.

3. OSSEOUS (BONE) SURGERY : This procedure is done to smooth shallow craters and defects in the bone due to mild or moderate bone loss. Guided Tissue Regeneration: This procedure is done in combination with a surgical flap operation where gum growth into a defect is barriered off to allow slower growing bone, cementum and ligament cells to populate a bony defect.

4. BONE GRAFTS : Tiny fragments of the patient’s bone, synthetic bone or bone obtained from a bone bank are used to fill a bony defect around the teeth. These grafts act as a scaffold on or around which patients own bone is conducted or induced to grow.

POST TREATMENT INSTRUCTIONS

DO’S

– Brush twice a day forever to keep your teeth and gums healthy.

– Take the medicine or mouthwash as prescribed (If any).

DON’TS

– Don’t eat, drink and rinse for half an hour.

– Don’t worry, there may be sensitivity to cold /hot for 2-3 days but it will get ok on its own.

– If sensitivity persists after that, contact us.