As the name suggests, preventive dentistry is a branch which deals with various measures taken in order to prevent or arrest the disease process.
Our efforts for healthy mouth starts as soon as our first tooth erupts in our mouth that means when a baby is 6 months old.
Preventive measures from 6 months to 6 years:
1. Babies have gum pads in their mouth.so whenever baby is fed, mother should wipe the gumpads with a soft wet cotton cloth so that food should not remain sticking to it.
2. When baby is 6 months old i.e. the time when their milk tooth starts erupting, So cleaning of milk tooth is as important as our permanent tooth especially during night.
3. After feeding the baby, baby’s mouth should be rinsed with water otherwise milk inside the mouth will accumulate bacteria and initiates the caries process leading to nursing bottle caries and child will loss teeth at an earlier age and wil have an impact on permanent teeth
4. By 3 years, a child have all his milk teeth.So brushing in circular motion should be performed twice daily under the parents supervision.
5. Similarly, various habits like thumb sucking , finger sucking, nail biting also have deleterious effects on oral health. These habits should stop by 3-4 years. If they persist even after that leads to deleterious changes in teeth and jaws.
1. At 6 years of age, child gets his 1st permanent tooth (1st molar) erupted. This is the period where milk tooth will exfoliate and new permanent tooth will come. Utmost care is required during this time as it can effect our permanent tooth.
2. Brushing should be performed twice daily.
3. Periodic Dental check up after every 6 months to ensure proper eruption of permanent tooth.
4. In case Early exfoliation of milk tooth is not followed by the presence of permanent tooth then a dentist should be consulted and the space should be maintained using space maintainers.
5. If a child has got too many decayed tooth treated during deciduous dentition, fluoride sealing should be advised in order to prevent decay process in the permanent dentition.
6. In our permanent posterior teeth there are pits and fissures. These are the areas with increased tendency for decay process. So, pit and fissure sealing is advised to prevent decay process in the future and increases the longevity of the tooth.
7. periodic check up is mandatory if you feel any facial deformity developing or if you feel your child’s jaws are more or less forwardly or backwardly placed. Any sort of facial deformity is genetic in nature so if parent has such problem, more likely chances are there to be present in children as well So, shuld be controlled at this age which decreases the severity of the problem otherwise later surgical treatment will be required.
8. Between 10-12 years, children often have gum problems like swollen or bleeding gums which happens due to pubertal spurti.e. increase in growth hormones.
So, proper brushing , massaging of gums and warm saine rinses should be done and a general dental check up should be undertaken.
At this age children have all their permanent teeth erupted in the oral cavity except for the wisdom tooth which erupts in 21-23 years of age.
Brushing twice daily along with gum massage should be performed.
Dental check-ups, scaling should be performed after every 6 months.
If any visible black stain or mark is visible on upper side of the tooth, a dentist shoud be consulted to confirm the onset of decay process. As soon as decay is seen, it should be treated to prevent further progress of the decay process.