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Preventive Dentistry

" Enjoy the joy of eating happily & smiling from your natural teeth for a lifetime. "
  • Preventive dentistry is exactly as it sounds. It is a modern way of reducing the amount of dental treatment necessary to maintain a healthy mouth.

  • The two major causes of tooth loss are decay and gum disease. The better we can prevent or deal with problems in their early stages, the more chance you have of keeping your teeth for life Prevention is always better than treatment.

  • By actively preventing disease and decay through regular home care, professional dental cleanings and regular examinations, you will maintain a healthy, beautiful smile. In addition, effective prevention can help you avoid costly treatments in the future to remove decay, restore teeth and treat gum disease. Regular preventive appointments are truly yours best investment.

Preventive dentistry at Office:

  • Deep cleaning

  • Floride sealing

  • Pit and fissure sealant

  • OPG

  • Ph Sliva Test

  • Diet counseling

  • Photographs

  • Regular visit to Dr. Kochar every 6 months

  • Oral cancer screening

" Experience the joy of healthy teeth! "

Preventive dentistry at Home:

  • Brushing

  • Flossing

  • Mouth wash

  • Water Pic

Pit and Fissure Sealants

" Protect your teeth from Decay! "

Sealants are thin, plastic coatings painted on the chewing surfaces of the back teeth.

Sealants help preserve your smile for a life time esp. in children.

Dental sealants are cost effective and helpful in patients especially in children in controlling decay in certain areas of tooth.


How does Sealants help inprevention of Decay








The top surfaces of your teeth - where the chewing takes place - aren't smooth and flat. They are criss-crossed with tiny hills and valleys - called pits and fissures surface of your biting teeth (your molars) that are actually smaller than the bristles on your tooth brush (sorry, even electronic tooth brushes can't reach them).

These are places where plaque can build up safe from your toothbrush and dental floss and cause tooth decay, leading to cavities and fillings. Over the last 2 decades, an alternative procedure has evolved, called dental sealants or tooth sealants.

Sealants form a protective barrier by covering the pit and fissures on the tooth surface.

Around 75% of dental decay begins on these surfaces.


Who should get Sealants?

Best time to apply sealant is, six months after the tooth has erupted.

Children should get sealants on their permanent molars as soon as the teeth come in before decay attacks the teeth.

The first permanent molars called "6 year molars" come in between the ages of 5 and 7.

The second permanent molars "12 year molars" come in when a child is between 11 and 14 years old.

Other teeth with pits and grooves also might need to be sealed.

" Teenagers and young adults who are prone to decay may also need sealants. "

How are Sealants applied?

Applying sealants is a simple and painless procedure.

  • Tooth is cleaned

  • Tooth is dried and cotton is put around it to keep it dry

  • A coloured gel is applied to the chewing surface of the tooth i.e conditioning of the tooth is done for a better bond

  • Tooth is now thoroughly washed and dried

  • Sealant material is then applied

  • It is now light cured to harden it

How long does a Sealant last?

Life of a sealant depends upon your chewing pattern.

But sealants can last up to 8 years.

But they need to be checked at regular dental check-ups to make sure they are not chipped or worn away.

The dentist can repair sealants by adding more sealant material if required.


Flouride Sealing

" Fluoride is the best defence against tooth decay! "

Fluoride

  • Makes teeth more resistant to decay

  • Repairs tiny areas of decay before they become big cavities

  • Makes germs in the mouth less able to cause decay

Fluoride helps the smooth surfaces of the teeth the most. It is less effective on the chewing surfaces of the back teeth. Regular brushing with fluoride toothpaste also helps prevent tooth decay.

Fluoride builds strong, decay-resistant enamel and reduces cavities by 80%

Procedure

It is a simple procedure which requires 5 minutes.

  • Choose your favourite flavour of fluoride like strawberry, raspberry, bubblegum etc

  • This flavoured fluoride is placed in a cellulose tray

  • This tray is then placed in your upper or lower teeth for a minute

  • This procedure is then repeated for your other teeth.

  • Your teeth are now protected against decay!

When to repeat the Procedure?

The fluoride sealing is effective for 6months


Conclusion

  • Sealants + Fluoride = Maximum Protection Against Cavities

  • Sealants protect the chewing surfaces

  • Fluoride protects the smooth surfaces Sealants and fluoride together can prevent almost all tooth decay .

Simple preventive steps taken by you can protect your and your kids teeth from decay by 80% after all prevention is better than cure!


Dental Care Tips

When you consider the high cost of poor Dental Hygiene, including cavities, fillings, or a root canal, it makes much more sense to follow basic dental care and hygiene tips and keeps your teeth healthy.

Preventative care, including basic brushing and flossing, sealant, and regular visits to the dentist every six months, is much less expensive than having to pay to fix cavities.

Dental Tips

  • Have a dental checkup at least every 6 months.

  • Brush at least twice a day with soft toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste.

  • Use floss every day.

  • Use a interdental brush daily

  • Use an anti-microbial mouth rinse to control gingivitis.

  • Use a topical application of fluoride for dry mouth

  • If your gums bleed when you brush or eat see your dentist

  • Smoking makes your gums worse, quit.

  • People with diabetes get gum disease more often.

  • Gum infections make it hard to control blood sugar.

  • Once a gum infection starts it takes a long time to heal it.

  • If the infection is severe, you can loose your teeth.

  • Natural teeth help you chew foods better and easier than dentures.

  • Check the fit of your dentures yearly to prevent sores.

Brushing Tips



















  • Use a soft bristled brush, preferably one with rounded, synthetic bristles.

  • Replace your toothbrush approximately every two to three months or as soon as the bristles are worn or bent. A worn-out toothbrush does not clean your teeth properly, and may actually injure your gums.

  • You should also replace your toothbrush after you've had a cold.

  • Be sure your brush is the right size (in general, smaller is better than larger).

  • Place the bristles at a 45-degree angle to the gum line, and slide the tips of the brush under the gums.

  • Gently jiggle the bristles or move it in small circles over the tooth and gums.

  • Brush the outside, the inside, and the chewing surfaces of your teeth. For chewing surfaces, use a light back and forth motion.

  • For the front teeth, brush the inside surfaces of the upper and lower jaws: Tilt your brush vertically and make several strokes up and down with the front part of the brush over the teeth and gum tissues.

  • Brushing your tongue will help freshen your breath. Debris and bacteria can collect on your tongue and cause bad breath.

  • Since your toothbrush will only clean one or two teeth at a time, change its position to clean each tooth properly.

  • Brush at least once every day, preferably at bedtime. Adding a brush time after breakfast increases your chances of thorough daily plaque removal.

  • If the infection is severe, you can loose your teeth.

  • Don't brush your teeth too vigorously, and don't use a hard bristled toothbrush, since it causes the gums to recede and exposes root surfaces. It also wears down the tooth structure. Both of these conditions can lead to tooth sensitivity.

  • A pea-sized amount of fluoridated toothpaste is sufficient.

  • Replace your brush when the bristles begin to spread, as a worn out toothbrush will not properly clean your teeth.

Flossing Tips













  • Wrap about 18 inches of floss around the middle fingers of your hands.

  • Hold the floss tightly, using your thumbs and forefingers, and gently guide it between your teeth.

  • Don't "snap" the floss as this can cut the gums!

  • When the floss reaches the gum line, curve it into a C-shape against one tooth and gently slide it into the space between the gum and the tooth until you feel pressure against the tooth.

  • Gently scrape the side of the tooth with the floss.

  • Repeat this method on all your teeth.

  • Move to a clean area of floss after one or two teeth.

Dental care Tips - if teeth are knocked out

  • If permanent teeth are knocked out, there is an excellent chance that they will survive if they are immediately placed back in the tooth socket and dental advice is sought straight away. Every minute the tooth is out of the socket, the less chance it has of surviving.

  • First aid for permanent teeth knocked out.

  • Gently rinse the tooth in milk or normal saline solution if it has debris on it. Rinse for a few seconds only.

  • Replace the tooth in its socket, if the person is conscious - make sure it is facing the right way around.

  • Hold the tooth in place with some foil or by getting the victim to gently bite on a handkerchief.

  • Contact your dentist immediately.

  • If you can't put the tooth in its socket Wrap it in glad wrap or store it in milk or normal saline solution.

  • Do not try and clean the tooth with vigorous scrubbing or cleaning agents.

  • You should not attempt to put a milk tooth back in its socket as it may fuse to the socket, which leads to difficulties when it is time for the tooth to be shed. It may damage the permanent tooth underneath the socket.

Child Care - Dental Tips

Brushing Tips

  • Start brushing your child's teeth as soon as they come in.

  • Brush your child's teeth for the first 4 to 5 years until your child seems able to do it alone.

  • A good teaching method is to have your child brush in the morning and you brush at night until your child masters the skill.

Flossing Tips

  • Start flossing your child's teeth as soon as they touch each other.

Diet Tips

  • Avoid high-sugar foods, especially sticky, sweet foods like taffy and raisins. The longer sugar stays in touch with your teeth, the more damage it can do. Don't snack before bedtime. Food is more likely to cause cavities at night because saliva doesn't clean the mouth as well at night.

  • Cheeses, peanuts, yogurt, milk and sugar-free gum are good for your teeth. They can help clear the mouth of harmful sugars and reduce plaque formation.

  • OTHER - If your local water supply does not contain enough fluoride, your child may need a fluoride supplement.

Dental First Aid Facts

PROBLEM

DO

DON'T

Toothache Immediately take a pain killer Ex. Children's – Painkiller, Syrup Adult's - Painkiller Pregnant Ladies - Painkiller Then clean your tooth with brush & rinse with water. If pain persists put Clove oil/Clove on to the tooth. Don't take sweet & hot food . Don't delay your appointment to dentist as problem usually worsens with time.
Bleeding gums Rinse mouth 4 times daily with warm saline water. Don't take this problem lightly it is the 1st sign of disease & is correctable at this stage.
Wisdom tooth Take a pain killer. Rinse area with a mixture of ½ hydrogen per oxide or wsw 4 times daily. Don't think that relief from pain means cure as problem will return.
Gumboil/Swelling in gums If pain full take a pain killer. Rinse area after every hour. with wsw. Don't use hot packs on it. Don't delay treatment as it a sure of abscess/pus.
Ulcer Apply analgesic gum paint like--- on the ulcer after every 4-6 hrs. Don't expect complete healing until 7-10 days.
Cracked filling If pain take a pain killer. Don't eat sweet / to hot / to cold food / liquid. Don't delay your appointment to dentist.
Broken plate Save all pieces Don't attempt to repair with Fix it kits.
Tooth knocked out (Avulsed) Find your tooth, rinse it with tap water. Place the tooth in mouth or in milk. Don't think situation is hopeless Tooth can be re-implanted but 'sooner the better.
Fractured/Chipped Baby tooth If painful, give child pain killer syrup Place cold packs on the area. Don't panic as in maximum cases there is no damage to adult teeth.
Teething pain Give some refrigerated cold object to bite on to the baby: cold teething Ring etc. Firm finger massage with a Analgesic ointment also helps. Don't fret as many have preceded you.

WSW : Warm saline water rinses ~ 1/2 teaspoon salt in 1/2 glass warm water

" Bringing life to your smile "